The ABMS Member Boards - Psychiatry and Neurology

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American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology
2150 E. Lake Cook Road, Suite 900
Buffalo Grove, IL 60089
(847) 229-6500


A Psychiatrist specializes in the evaluation and treatment of mental, addictive and emotional disorders such as schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders, mood disorders, anxiety disorders, substance-related disorders, sexual and gender identity disorders and adjustment disorders.

Specialty training required prior to Board Certification: Four years

To become certified in a particular subspecialty, a physician must be Board Certified by The American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology and complete additional training as specified by the Member Board.

  • Addiction Psychiatry
    A Psychiatrist who focuses on the evaluation and treatment of individuals with alcohol, drug or other substance-related disorders and of individuals with the dual diagnosis of substance-related and other psychiatric disorders.

  • Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
    A Psychiatrist who focuses on the evaluation and treatment of developmental, behavioral, emotional and mental disorders of childhood and adolescence.

  • Clinical Neurophysiology
    A Psychiatrist, Neurologist, or Child Neurologist who focuses on the evaluation and treatment of central, peripheral and autonomic nervous system disorders using a combination of clinical evaluation and electrophysiologic testing such as electroencephalography (EEG), electromyography (EMG) and nerve conduction studies (NCS), among others.

  • Forensic Psychiatry
    A Psychiatrist who focuses on the interrelationships between psychiatry and civil, criminal and administrative law. This specialist evaluates individuals involved with the legal system and provides specialized treatment to those incarcerated in jails, prisons and forensic psychiatry hospitals.

  • Geriatric Psychiatry
    A Psychiatrist who focuses on the evaluation and treatment of mental and emotional disorders in the elderly.

  • Hospice and Palliative Medicine
    A Psychiatrist, Neurologist or Child Neurologist who specializes in Hospice and Palliative Medicine provides care to prevent and relieve the suffering experienced by patients with life-limiting illnesses. This specialist works with an interdisciplinary hospice or palliative care team to optimize quality of life while addressing the physical, psychological, social and spiritual needs of both patient and family.

  • Pain Medicine
    A Psychiatrist who specializes in Pain Medicine diagnoses and treats patients experiencing problems with acute, chronic and/or cancer pain in both hospital and outpatient settings and coordinates patient care needs with other specialists.

  • Psychosomatic Medicine
    A Psychiatrist who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of psychiatric disorders and symptoms in complex medically ill patients. This subspecialty includes treatment of patients with acute or chronic medical, neurological, obstetrical or surgical illness in which psychiatric illness is affecting their medical care and/or quality of life; such as HIV infection, organ transplantation, heart disease, renal failure, cancer, stroke, traumatic brain injury, high-risk pregnancy and COPD, among others. Patients also may be those who have a psychiatric disorder that is the direct consequence of a primary medical condition, or a somatoform disorder or psychological factors affecting a general medical condition.

  • Sleep Medicine
    A Psychiatrist with demonstrated expertise in the diagnosis and management of clinical conditions that occur during sleep, that disturb sleep, or that are affected by disturbances in the wake-sleep cycle. This specialist is skilled in the analysis and interpretation of comprehensive polysomnography, and well-versed in emerging research and management of a sleep laboratory.

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Read more about certification in Neurology >

Questions to ask your doctor

What information should I bring to my appointment?

What tests are necessary to diagnose the problem?

What type of disorder do I have? What are the possible causes?

How will this disorder affect my health?

What is the treatment and what will it do?

Is medication necessary? Are there any side effects to the medication?

How will this disorder affect my daily life and activities?

Are there any alternative treatments?

What tests do I need to diagnose my problem? What do they involve?

Learn more about general questions to ask your doctor >

Learn more about how to make the most of your office visit >

Learn more about how to check physician qualifications >