II. Interventional Radiology and Diagnostic Radiology
An Interventional Radiologist combines competence in imaging, image-guided minimally invasive procedures and peri-procedural patient care to diagnose and treat benign and malignant conditions of the thorax (excluding the heart), abdomen, pelvis and extremities. Therapies include embolization, angioplasty, stent placement, thrombus management, drainage and ablation, among others. Training includes a minimum of three years of Diagnostic Radiology and two years of Interventional radiology, leading to primary certification in Interventional radiology and Diagnostic Radiology.
III. Radiation Oncology
A Radiation Oncologist deals with the study and management of disease, especially malignant tumors and radiological treatments of abnormal tissue through the use of x-rays or radionuclides. Training required is five years: one year of clinical work, followed by four years of radiation oncology training. Anyone who wishes to specialize in the areas listed below must first certify with the American Board of Radiology.
To become Board Certified in a particular subspecialty, a physician must be Board Certified by the American Board of Radiology and complete specific training as specified by the Member Board.