To practice medicine in the United States, doctors must be licensed by the states in which they work. However, being licensed does not indicate whether a doctor is qualified to practice in a specific medical specialty, such as family medicine, surgery or dermatology. One of the best ways to know if your doctor has the qualifications to provide care in a specialty is to find out if he or she is Board Certified and participating in activities to stay up-to-date with the latest advances in medicine and patient care.
Board Certified doctors voluntarily meet additional standards beyond basic licensing. They demonstrate their expertise by earning Board Certification through one of the 24 Member Boards that are part of the not-for-profit American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS). Before a doctor can become Board Certified, each must complete: four years of premedical education in a college or university; a course of study leading to an MD or DO degree from a qualified medical school and three to five years of full-time experience in an accredited residency training program.
Each doctor earns initial Board Certification by passing a written and, in some cases, an oral examination created and administered by the Member Board in his or her specialty. This is just the first step in the ABMS Program for Maintenance of Certification (ABMS MOC®). Maintenance of Certification is exactly what it sounds like–a doctor demonstrating to their specialty board that they have kept up with the latest medical advances in their specialized field. It provides doctors a structured approach to improving the safety, effectiveness, and efficiency of their practices through focused assessment, learning, and improvement activities. Because of this program, the public can still trust that their doctor’s status as a Board Certified physician means that they are an expert in that specialty.